Domestic violence in New Mexico carries serious consequences when not addressed immediately. These consequences can be both civil and criminal. If you have been charged in Las Cruces with a domestic violence or related offense, it's imperative to contact a domestic violence defense attorney. Not only could you be facing a domestic violence charge, but you may be sued in criminal court and child custody court as a result of your temporary restraining order.
You have rights, and at Advanced Legal Resolutions, we are here to uphold your rights and defend any allegations made against you. Call us at 575-647-8802 to schedule a consultation for $150 (our cost is subject to change) today.
Domestic Violence in New Mexico and Dona Ana County
Domestic violence describes a range of harm committed in the context of a domestic relationship, usually between spouses, intimate partners, or relatives, but in some cases, it can also include roommates or other members of the household. Examples of physical acts that can arise from domestic violence include punching, hitting, slapping, or shoving. However, it could extend to other patterns of abusive behavior, like threats of violence, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and financial abuse. Text messages or phone recordings may be used of evidence of abuse.
State-based legislation varies in terms of both the nature of the relationship and the type of conduct required to prove a domestic violence offense. While domestic violence offenses are usually prosecuted at a state level, federal domestic violence legislation exists. In 1994, Congress passed the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). This Act and subsequent additions to the Act acknowledge domestic violence as a national crime and provide assistance to overburdened state and local criminal justice systems.
The following are federal crimes under VAWA if they are committed within the maritime or territorial lands of the United States or if the offender crosses state or foreign lines to:
- commit or attempt to commit a crime of violence against an intimate partner (18 U.S.C. Section 2261)
- stalk or harass or to stalk or harass by mail or computer (18 U.S.C. Section 2261A)
- violate a qualifying Protection Order (18 U.S.C. Section 2262)
Consequences of Alleged Domestic Violence in New Mexico
When a defendant is charged with a domestic violence offense, the court has the power to order a protection order, also referred to as a restraining or no-contact order, depending on your jurisdiction. Protection orders can be made even when the defendant isn't present in court and before their criminal law matter has been finalized and, in many cases, before the criminal process has really even begun. In essence, when it comes to domestic violence, you can suffer certain consequences before a judge or jury has found you guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
When a protection order is issued, it can result in two significant consequences, though there may be other penalties or restrictions imposed:
- It can restrict a defendant's contact with the victim and their children; and
- It can require the defendant to leave the family home.
A person subject to a protective order or convicted of a domestic violence offense is also prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm under federal law.
Criminal convictions of any nature, but especially domestic violence offenses, can also impact a defendant's ability to find work or housing. Potential employers or landlords who run a background check may refuse an applicant with a domestic violence conviction.
Penalties of Domestic Violence or a Related Criminal Conviction in New Mexico
The sentencing options for domestic violence offenses include many. Much of it depends on the severity of the allegations and any prior protective orders. Generally, penalties can include but are not limited to:
- Domestic violence treatment or counseling programs
When sentencing an offender for a domestic violence offense, the court will take into account aggravating circumstances, like:
- the level of injury sustained by the victim
- whether a weapon was used or a child witnessed the crime
- whether the crime violates an existing protection order
- the personal characteristics of the victim, such as older age or pregnancy
The penalties for domestic violence offenses can quickly become harsher with subsequent convictions in New Mexico.
Can Domestic Violence Charges Be Dropped in Las Cruces?
Domestic violence charges can be dropped, but it is critical to know that they will not be dropped only because the alleged victim of the violence no longer wants charges brought against the alleged suspect. Charges are brought by the state, not by the affected person.
The same is true about the restraining order. Even if the victim no longer wants the protection order, the order remains in effect. Any person who has a restraining order against them must abide by the order or risk further criminal charges and subsequent consequences. Violating a protective order is a serious offense.
Defenses to Domestic Violence Allegations in New Mexico
A person can defend against a domestic violence charge in New Mexico. However, the specific defenses available to a defendant will depend on the circumstances of their case.
Some common defenses include:
- Self-defense or defense of others, where reasonable force was used to prevent an attack
- Lack of evidence, if the prosecution fails to present enough evidence to prove each element of the offense beyond a reasonable doubt
- False allegations, where the victim has lied about what happened
- Accident, where the defendant unintentionally caused the injury
A conviction for a domestic violence offense can have a long-lasting impact on many aspects of a defendant's personal life, including their personal relationships, parenting, and employment. It is always in your best interests to, at a minimum, consult with a domestic violence defense lawyer about any allegations.
Contact a Domestic Violence Defense Attorney in Las Cruces Today
If you've been charged with a domestic violence offense, you should speak to an experienced domestic violence defense attorney at Advanced Legal Resolutions immediately. We will listen to your version of events, assess the strength of the evidence against you, and advise you of any defenses that may be available to you. Fill out an online submission form or call us at 575-647-8802 to schedule a consultation for $150 (cost subject to change) today. The most important aspect of domestic violence cases is to seek representation to protect yourself as soon as possible, as many parents use the domestic violence courtroom as a way to get an advantage in their divorce and custody case. Never yell or allow violence in front of your children, it could be used against you in Court. If your spouse or significant other is abusing your child, or your child is reporting abuse, report it immediately to CYFD by calling #SAFE from your cell phone.
New Types of Domestic Violence defense and abuse
Child abuse is considered to be a type of domestic violence that may carry criminal charges. The agency tasked with investigating child abuse is known as the Children Youth and Families Department. While CYFD is often overwhelmed by the volume of complaints they receive about child abuse in New Mexico, the agency may take swift action to investigate and document your case. However, generally, CYFD is not equipped to litigate your case or provide legal advice where there is a custody battle. Documenting abuse is absolutely necessary to prevent it from occurring in the future. When it comes to domestic violence, it is imperative that you file your case within 30 days due to the volume of domestic violence in New Mexico. In cases of extreme violence such as incidents involving loaded weapons, physical abuse, sexual abuse and substance abuse, CYFD can interview children at their schools and/or home. If you are suspected or accused by CYFD or a spouse of child abuse, it is important to ensure that it does not affect your custody case and that you seek the assistance of a family law attorney.